10 Best Gritty/Edgy YA and New Adult Books

“Gritty” or “edgy” when applied to YA and New Adult books means literature that deals with the darker side of adolescence.

The best part about these intense books is the payoff: stories you deeply feel by virtue of traveling through terrible turbulence with the main characters.

Here are 10 YA/New Adult books where the emotional ride, and resulting enlightenment, are worth the harrowing journey.

  1. Winter Light by Martha Engber: Mary Donahue, a 15-year-old on the cusp of failure during the brutal blizzard winter of 1978-79, learns the only difference between life and death is knowing when to grasp an extended hand.
  2. Serenity & Grace by Annalisa Crawford: The streets are unforgiving, the winter is closing in and 19-year-old Grace isn’t prepared for the harsh realities of survival, but they’re better than what she faces if she returns home.
  3. In the Fullness of Time by Carolyn R. Russell: In a future where people joyfully arrange their own deaths, a young woman battles the consequences of a biotechnology gone horribly wrong and the cruel theocracy that enforces a sinister solution.
  4. Speak by Laurie Halse Anderson: A high school outcast becomes more and more isolated until coming to terms with what happened to her.
  5. The Giver by Lois Lowry: The haunting story centers on twelve-year-old Jonas, who lives in a seemingly ideal, if colorless, world of conformity and contentment. Not until he is given his life assignment as the Receiver of Memory does he begin to understand the dark, complex secrets behind his fragile community.
  6. The Skin I’m In by Sharon G. Flake: Maleeka Madison is a strong student who adopts a tougher crowd to deflect criticism about her “too black” skin and handmade clothes. The last thing she expects is to get “messed up” with another “freak.”
  7. The Outsiders by S. E. Hinton: Your young readers will love this coming-of-age classic featuring street-smart teenagers trying to make their way in the world without privilege, supervision, or education.
  8. Monster by Walter Dean Myers: Facing the death penalty, a young, black filmmaker copes by writing a movie script based on his trial. But despite his efforts, reality is blurred until he can no longer tell who he is or what the truth is.
  9. The Music of What Happens by Bill Konigsberg: Over the course of one summer, Jordan and Max will have to face their biggest fears and the unlikely chemistry developing between them.
  10. The Boy in Striped Pajamas by John Boyne: Two young boys encounter the best and worst of humanity during the Holocaust in this powerful read.

Happy edgy reading!

Live Giveaway of “Winter Light” Nov. 2, 2020

Live giveaway of Winter Light 5 p.m. Mon., Nov. 2, via Martha Engber’s Creatives

Hey all 32 strong women who entered the giveaway for Winter Light!

I was overcome by the generosity with which you shared stories about the serious life challenges you faced — and overcame! — as part of the Facebook Midnight in the Garden Readers Group “Tricks and Book Treats” giveaway Oct. 28.

So rather than give away 1 paperback or Kindle ebook + $20 Amazon gift card, I’ll be giving away an additional 3 Kindle copies.

That means we’ll have 4 winners! I’ve written down every entrant’s name and put it in a jar shown (see photo). I’ll choose the winners during a brief online event at 5 p.m. Mon., Nov. 2, via my Facebook page, Martha Engber’s Creatives.

If you win, but don’t use FB or can’t make that time, I’ll contact you to arrange receipt of the prize.

Thanks again for sharing your stories of resilience. I’m so glad you came out the other side!

___

Preorder Winter Light, due out Oct. 6, 2020

For a full list of my book events, visit my website.

My Interview on Chat and Spin Radio

My interview on Chat and Spin radio!

My novel, Winter Light, successfully launched on Oct. 6, 2020! As part of my ongoing promotion, I recently I did a 10-min. interview (starting at minute 28:38) on Chat and Spin Radio, a nonprofit UK internet station with 750,000 international listeners.

Ron Clark has owned and operated the station based for the past seven years. He’s assisted by Ian Johnson, who’s the publicity and advertising manager.

Ian actively solicits guests, so your chance of arranging an interview is high.

Ian writes:

We are looking for Book Authors, Writers, Artists, Illustrators and Charities to come on the Radio Station over the Phone or by Skype / Facebook FREE PUBLICITY PROMOTION to get out to our Listeners. The 10 Minute Live interview will be on our Evening & Late Show which is Broadcasted 7 nights a week.Please email IAN JOHNSON on chatandspin@gmail.com for more information.

You can also contact Ian via the station’s Facebook page.

Ron is a lovely host and Ian an attentive scheduler. So as long as you make sure your Skype connection is working ahead of time, you’ll really enjoy the experience!

_____

Order Winter Light

If you enjoy the book, please leave a review on Amazon, Goodreads and/or your blog. I’m available for interviews and Book Club chats.

For updates on upcoming events, subscribe to my newsletter via my website.

A Plan in Case of Morning: Prize and Review

by Phill Provance

Coming Sept. 29, 2020, preorder

I received an advanced reader copy (ARC) of veteran poet Phill Provance’s first full-length collection. I was immediately delighted with the book, which amounts to a meaty, accessible memoir of a man’s life written via poetry. Fascinating!

Though I read poetry almost every day, most people are leery of the form, believing poetry to be too high-brow and only for those who’ve taken courses in that realm. That’s absolutely wrong-headed, in my opinion, and neither does the anonymous donor who’s putting up $10,000 to the winner of a contest for this book that runs from now until April.

A journalist by training, to me the deal sounded too good to be true. So I got confirmation from Vine Leaves Press, which will publish Provance’s book Sept. 29, 2020. Apparently a benefactor who loves the poet’s work believes the book deserves a wider audience, a hence began the contest that will end April 16. The promotion states a winner will be chosen from those who do the following:

  • publicly post a selfie on Instagram or Facebook
  • along with a person you consider to be a hero (I assume this means either stating who your hero is or posting a photo of the person if you have one)
  • a favorite line from Phill’s book
  • and the hashtag #APlanInCaseOfMorning

What an amazing opportunity for the poet and his work to help convince more readers that poetry is for everyone and should be embraced with joy, rather than trepidation.

To do my part in encouraging more regular consumption of poetry, I’m posting the review I wrote for Goodreads. Whether you win the $10,000 or not, I hope you enjoy this collection as much as I did.

Review

Phill Provance’s new poetry collection, A Plan in Case of Morning, is truly a fast-changing landscape of emotion riding on varying currents of form.

Just as sculptors and other fine artists allow ideas to choose their medium, so Provance allows each poem to choose its own pace, rhythm and tone to best express the impassioned flow with an end clarity that’s eminently satisfying. In subject matter, Provance flies us around the world, both literally and proverbially, as we visit times and places in his life and within his heart.

That mix of shifting fluidity, instinctual word choice and unpretentious honesty — sometimes gentle, sometimes melancholic, often brutal — make this collection a swift ride you want to prolong.

___

Preorder Winter Light, due out Oct. 6, 2020

For a full list of my book launch events, visit my website.

WINTER LIGHT Giveaway #1 Starts Today!

Enter to win “Winter Light” Giveaway #1 by leaving an answer to this question on
Martha Engber’s Creatives

Today starts the first of three giveaways to celebrate the publication of Winter Light Oct. 6, 2020, now available for preorder.

The process is simple:

Just by participating, your name is entered to win the Chicago-themed prize. I’ll choose a winner at 5 p.m. Pacific/7 p.m. Central/8 p.m. EST on Mon., Sept. 28, via Facebook Live.

I do know Sept. 28 is Yom Kippur. If you’re busy celebrating that holiday, you’re welcome to join the next two giveaways:

  • Sept. 28 (winner chosen Oct. 6)
  • Oct. 6 (winner chosen Oct. 13)

All prizes are Chicago themed to reflect the book’s setting. The first is this, an amazingly soft CHICAGO BEARS plush toy.

If you’re not around for the live drawing, I’ll message you for contact information so I can send the gift.

For those of you who will be arranging fun events for the publication of your book, I worked with publishing consultant Kate Tilton to organize these three giveaways. I found her help with timing and logistics invaluable!

___

Preorder Winter Light, due out Oct. 6, 2020

For a full list of my book launch events, visit my website.

How Your Characters Help You Build Your Character: Meet Author Eileen Donovan

Brooklyn writer Eileen Donovan’s debut historical novel

Eileen Donovan was one of many marvelous writers who attended my workshop Grow Your Great Character and Plot! last week during the SavvyAuthorCon 2020. Despite being online and having a lot of attendees, who communicated by chat, I felt like we were all in the same room having a rowdy time together!

Throughout the 75 minutes of fast and furious exchanges, what became evident — what always becomes evident during these workshops — is the extent to which authors are willing to go to develop in-depth characters readers care about. There’s no room for ego, but instead, every effort is made to think more, then more and still more, about how their characters think and why they do what they do.

That dedication and willingness to learn while struggling through one difficulty after another builds our own character. We have to plumb the depths of our own lives to figure out how our characters feel. We have to dedicate time to learning everything our character know. And just as our characters face their obstacles, so they make us face our own, which can be so harrowing.

Diligence, persistent, an undying curiosity, a true humility: those are the qualities we writers have in spades, thanks to our characters, who most often teach us the journey is the reward.

Which brings me back to Eileen Donovan. When I asked people to share their successes with me, she sent me information about her debut historical novel, Promises. Then she was kind enough to explain the inspiration behind her story, meaning what touched the deepest part of her character.

As far as why I chose this topic for my book – I watched a documentary on PBS many years ago, The Lost Children of the Empire (I think that’s right), that told the story of British children being shipped to the colonies for a “better” life. Many of the children were orphaned, or given up by destitute families who were assured their children would be well taken care of. However, that was not the case. Many of them suffered terrible abuse by their host families, or the orphanages who took them in. The children were sent to Canada, Australia, South Africa, anywhere the British flag flew. The program was initiated by religious groups then taken over by the government. It started in the 1800’s and didn’t end until 1968. Aside from a “better” life, the children were meant to reignite colonists’ fidelity to Great Britain.

So, that’s a long drawn out explanation. After watching this documentary, I couldn’t get it out of my mind for years. So, I finally decided I had to write about it. I decided to focus on the government sponsored program initiated during WWII to rescue children from the Blitz. Of course, many of those children also suffered terrible abuse, as had their predecessors.

“I couldn’t get it out of my mind…” That’s the kind of passion that causes us to create great characters who can tell important stories!

Thanks for sharing, Eileen. And for those reading this post, please consider reading and reviewing Eileen’s novel.

If you get the chance, let me know how the characters in your stories have helped you build your character!

Book Details

Title: PROMISES

Author: Eileen Joyce Donovan

Format: Paperback, Hardcover, and Audiobook

ISBN for Hardcover 978-1-64633-176-5

Release date: July 1, 2019

Price $16.95

Publisher: Waldorf Publishing

Summary:

In Promises, 13-year-old Lizzie and her 9-year-old brother Colin are on their way from England to Canada in 1940. Nightly German bombings convinced their mum to enroll them in a government evacuation program. They’re told this short holiday will be filled with trips to the Rocky Mountains, the chance to meet cowboys and Indians, and promises are made to return them to England when the war is over. When one of Colin’s friends is swept overboard, Lizzy’s doubts about this adventure begin. Arriving in Nova Scotia, they are placed with Mr. and Mrs. Harris, who work them like slaves – Colin as a hand on his lobster boat, and Lizzie as a servant victimized by Mrs. Harris’s abuses. When a telegram arrives saying their mum was killed in an air raid, Lizzie realizes there’s no reason to go home. Can she rescue Colin and herself from the Harrises? Will she keep her promise to her mum to protect him?

___

Enter the Winter Light Goodreads Giveaway! Put your name in today and GR will randomly select 100 winners between now and Sept. 22.

Preorder Winter Light, due out Oct. 6, 2020!

For a full list of my book launch events, visit my website.

How to Create a Virtual Group Author Reading (like this one!)

Visit my website for more Winter Light launch events.

I wanted to do an online author reading for my new book, Winter Light (Oct. 6, 2020), but I didn’t want to go it alone for all of the reasons that come to mind:

  • People will only want to listen for a short while, so what do I do the rest of the time?
  • What if no one comes?
  • Who’s going to think of this as a legitimate event if I, the author, am hosting the reading, rather than a bookstore or organization?
  • My social media network is small. How do I get more people to come?

So instead of going solo, I tapped into the support of the independent publisher of my book, Vine Leaves Press, and specifically the wonderful camaraderie among VLP authors, and put out a call for those who could like to do a group reading.

And voila! Four other talented women embraced the idea.

That’s resulted in Vine Leaves Press: Strong Storytelling by Strong Female Authors, an author reading, Q&A and giveaway at 5 p.m. Pacific/7 p.m. Central/8 p.m. EST on Thurs., Sept. 17, 2020.

Wonderful!

Now how did we get to this point?

The Advantages

The advantages of a group reading are numerous:

By banding together, we give one another courage.
In the process, we authors get to know one another better and broaden our author network. In the future we’ll help each other promote, provide advice, and just generally aid one another in the tough business of publishing.


A group means we can offer our audience a fun mix of stories.
When promoting as a group, we greatly extend our reach to well beyond that of our own networks.


We have fun and learn something new!

Logistics

As with most events, 98% of the effort revolves around the details of hosting what amounts to an online party.

Author Information

The first task is to collect the contact info, bios and short book descriptions of those taking part.

Once collected into one document that can be shared, the organizing can begin.

Team Members

A moderator

One of our members recruited a very accomplished author to be our moderator. Her job will be to greet the audience, introduce the authors and announce the winner of the giveaway.

A giveaway helper

My sister very generously volunteered to collect participants’ names, put them in a bowl and pick one to be the winner of our 4-book bundle + 2 notebook giveaway.

Event Details

Time

We decided on a 45-min. event, which seems like a reasonable amount of time for an evening’s entertainment.

In terms of choosing a specific time, we had to accommodate authors on both coasts, and so chose a start time of 5 Pacific/8 p.m. EST. Interested viewers on the West Coast won’t mind ending work a little early, while those on the East Coast won’t feel too tired.

Day

We chose a Thursday night, though anywhere between Tuesday and Thursday is suitable. People tend to feel overwhelmed on Mondays and ready to relax by Friday, and weekends are usually reserved for family.

Date

We chose a date that wouldn’t conflict with any holidays.

Virtual Venue

We chose Zoom, a venue most people are now familiar with.

Whatever venue you choose, be sure the platform has the features that will allow you create the show you want. We didn’t want any time constraints and we wanted a webinar format that will allow all of us to be onscreen to answer questions. Therefore we chipped in to purchase a premium membership for a month. We now have unlimited time and have planned a webinar that allows panelists. Participants will be able to use the chat function to say where they’re from, as well as ask questions and make comments.

Whatever venue you use, do multiple practices until you fully understand the various features and which will be most appropriate for your event.

Because I purchased the upgraded Zoom membership, I’m the host, and so spent several hours and recruited a number of friends to help me determine:

  • how to admit panelists and participants
  • who will have video and audio capabilities
  • how to show slides
  • how to eject disruptive guests

My rule of thumb is to practice until I don’t have any more questions about how things word.

Extra Materials

A program

We developed a program to fit the time limit we set. The program includes:

  • an introduction from the moderator
  • a 3-5 min. reading by each author, which is the recommended limit
  • the Q&A session
  • the giveaway
  • the farewell

Script

We also developed a script. That’s a more detailed document that tells each person what to do and when. Make sure the script is very easy to read. Consider sending each person an individual script that outlines their cues about when to speak and/or take action, such as when to turn their video/audio on.

We also wrote a verbatim script for our moderator so she’d be sure to cover the points we want to make.

Slides

To incorporate visuals as well as helpful information, we made Keynote slides that show viewers the titles of our books and where and how to buy them.

Copies of our stories

We sent the moderator copies of our excerpts. That way, if someone’s connection goes down — as it did for one of our members during practice — the moderator can read the excerpt.

Promotional materials

We created graphics like the one above to promote the event everywhere we could think of:

  • blogs
  • announcement pages of social media groups we belong to
  • our personal newsletter lists
  • all social media outlets

We also asked our fellow VLP authors to spread the word through their social media networks.

Giveaway

Our publisher, Jessica Bell, graciously offered ebook copies of our books, two gorgeous notebooks and an impressive discount of VLP books as a giveaway. You can also get authors to donate a copy of their book or chip in to buy a nice gift, such as a bedtime reading gift basket with a throw, tea and other goodies.

Similar to any event, we had two practices. The first consisted of:

We positioned the giveaway at the end of the program to encourage people to stay.

Practice

We held two practices. We used the first one to:

  • get to know one another
  • learn to use the technology, such as turning on and off the video
  • run through the program
  • and offer suggestions for improvement

Besides ironing out mistakes, we discussed suggestions such as placing our books behind us so viewers can see them. We also provided one another with feedback regarding the lighting and positioning of the camera in our locales.

We used the second practice as a dress rehearsal where we ran through our scripts from start to finish.

Recordings

As the host, Zoom will automatically make a recording of the event. We’ll edit that, and maybe include bloopers from our practices for fun, then post the video on the VLP YouTube channel.

In the End

As authors, we can’t lose when creating a fun evening of entertainment for friends, family and readers, wherever they might be located!

If you’d like to see what you can do with your writing friends, please join us! And as always, feel free to reach out for more help in organizing your event.


Enter the Winter Light Goodreads Giveaway! Put your name in today and GR will randomly select 100 winners between now and Sept. 22.

Preorder Winter Light, due out Oct. 6, 2020!

For a full list of my book launch events, visit my website.

Goodreads Giveaway of WINTER LIGHT: Sept. 6 – 22, 2020

Preorder now!

100 free Kindle copies of my novel, Winter Light, will be randomly doled out during a Goodreads Giveaway that starts today and ends Sept. 22. Woohoo!

Since signing a contract for this book last December, I’ve kept you all apprised of the various marketing strategies I’ve been trying. Most have given me a heart attack, because they’re often emotionally, intellectually and technically exhausting. But usually once I’ve figured them out, I’m really gratified. By practicing the life philosophy of comfortable being uncomfortable, I learn something new.

This week’s NEW is that my publisher, Vine Leaves Press, worked out the details that allowed me to sign up for the Goodreads Giveaway.

Goodreads used to offer giveaways for free and allowed authors to send books anywhere around the world. Then the company was bought by Amazon, which restricted winners to those who live in the US or Canada. A seeming deterrent for authors outside of those countries, I’ve told my writer friends they should consider trying the giveaway based on two realities: 1) those are huge book-reading markets, and 2) the publishing world has become so global, readers crave stories based in foreign locales, eras and cultures.

Amazon also instituted a basic package charge of $119, with the option of choosing a more expensive package. Either package allows you to give away physical books or Kindle copies. Before you decide, determine your goal. Do you want to send out signed copies that winners can pose with for photos they post on social media, thus increasing your followers? If so, you or your publisher will have to foot the bill for the cost of the book plus postage.

My goal is to get as many reviews as I can, so I chose the Kindle giveaway that requires an independent author or publisher to connect the book’s Amazon account to Goodreads for an easy digital transfer.

An ebook costs nothing to send to a winner, which means you can offer up to 100 books, which gets the story into more hands and so increases the odds of getting more reviews.

Either way, according to this Goodreads blog post:

About eight weeks after your Giveaway ends, winners receive an email from Goodreads to remind them to rate and review your book.

Though winners are not obligated to review the book, Your Guide to Giveaways on Goodreads claims, “Roughly 60 percent of giveaway winners review the books they win.” I’m not sure I believe that, but even if 1 out of 10 writes a review, and you give away 100 books, that’s 10 more reviews for your book.

The sign-up process takes about 10 minutes and includes a best practices page to guide you in how to use the opportunity while avoiding mistakes. Your current Goodreads friends are automatically notified about the giveaway, while your book is added to the want-to-read shelf of anyone who enters. The offer is also featured in the Goodreads giveaway section, which is well-known to those readers who love trying to snag books for free.

Goodreads recommends running the offer for a month and end at least three weeks before your book is published, giving winners enough time to read and review the book.

Please forward the Winter Light Goodreads Giveaway link to your reader buddies!

And keep in mind that when it’s your turn to promote your book/charity/sports event/artistic endeavor, I’ll be there to help you not only with emotional support, but offer you the experience I’m gaining.

We are all so much stronger as a team!


Preorder my forthcoming novel, Winter Light, due out Oct. 6, 2020.

For updates and a full list of my book launch events, please sign up for my newsletter.

TRAVEL TO STORYLAND: VLP AUTHOR READING SEPT. 17

One of the most primordial things humans do — and love to do — is tell stories and listen to them. Campfires, bedtimes, pajama parties, long hikes, weddings: none of them would be the same without someone verbally engaging our minds with a story to elicit an emotional response, whether fear, love or humor.

Four fellow Vine Leaves Press authors and I would like to do the same for you by offering Strong Storytelling By Strong Female Authors, a 45-min. Zoom author reading, Q&/A and giveaway at 5 p.m. Pacific/7 p.m. Central/8 p.m. EST on Thurs., Sept. 17. I’ve posted the information on my website under “upcoming events.”

All of us have had our books published by VLP, a publisher that fosters a great sense of community among its authors. In this case, when I mentioned the idea of a reading, the four other authors listed in the flier above piped up immediately and threw themselves into taking care of the details necessary to make this night a wonderful evening of storytelling for listeners.

Our publisher, Jessica Bell, has not only been fully supportive, but has also arranged the giveaway: a 4-book bundle of the above books along with two beautiful notebooks (of the winner’s choice) and a 40% discount on 10 or more VLP books. That last is a great offer, considering the breadth of the VLP offerings: memoir, poetry, writing resources, short story collections and novels of all kinds; literary, young adult, science fiction.

Our group recently had a practice in which we read excerpts of our work. Just listening to the other authors’ stories worked on my brain like chocolate. I was immediately pulled in by the descriptions, predicament of the characters and places and times where I’ve never been.

Come let us be chocolate for your brains! And please, please, please reblog or share this post or pass on the URL (https://wp.me/p5pzxL-6a) so we can make the most of joining together for a night of storytelling!

____

Preorder my forthcoming novel, Winter Light, due out Oct. 6, 2020! For updates, please sign up for my newsletter.

Grow YOUR Great Character and Plot!

Register now for my workshop!

Though only 75 minutes long, I plan to pack in simple, yet effective process for developing characters your readers fall in love with during Grow Your Great Character and Plot on Sun., Sept. 13, during the SavvyAuthors 2020 WritersCon.

The live online webinar will be at 10 a.m. Pacific, 12 p.m. Central and 1 p.m. EST. The concepts will be based on my book, Growing Great Characters From the Ground Up: A Thorough Primer for the Writers of Fiction and Nonfiction. ($5.99 Kindle, $7.99 paperback). I followed every lesson for creating Mary Donahue, the 15-year-old protagonist of my novel, Winter Light, which will be published Oct. 6, 2020, by Vine Leaves Press.

I’ve created a great slideshow packed with writing exercises, so plan to come ready to work on your own character.

I’m including the syllabus below to give you a detailed idea of what we’ll cover.

I hope to see you there!

Workshop Syllabus

Goal

To demonstrate how, if we writers spend the time necessary to understand what makes our character tick at a deep, internal level, the character will write an exciting plot all the way to a dynamic climax.

What’s Your Story About?

Exercise #1: In one sentence, what’s your story about?

A word about exercises: Don’t panic if you can’t easily complete an exercise. Instead, make a note to start at that point during your next writing session. Sometimes writing one simple sentence can take hours of thought.

You and Your Character

Definition of a character: a living person

Definition of a great character: consistent, believable, admirable

Types of characters and their general purposes (page 22 in GGC):

  • Protagonist: goes on a journey that leads to an epiphany
  • Antagonist: opposes the protagonist
  • Catalyst: jumps the tension by greatly upping the size/severity of an obstacle
  • Support: supports main character
  • Side: brief appearance

Exercise #2: In one sentence, what’s your character’s type?

The Defining Detail

A defining detail:

  • shows the reader what makes a character tick
  • can be based on a prominent physical characteristic, incident, imagined
  • blemish, object, what interests you most about the character
  • must be specific

Exercise #3: In one sentence, what’s your character’s defining detail?

Now Extrapolate

Use the defining detail to reveal:

  • What the character fears most (internal belief)
  • What he’s motivated to do (external behavior)

Once readers know what scares the character most, they can understand his motivation and interpret his actions. He’ll strike readers as both consistent in how he views the world and believable in what he does.

Exercise #4: In one sentence, what does your character fear most? In one sentence, based on that fear, what’s he/she motivated to do?

The Five Questions

What defines your character?
What’s her greatest fear?
What motivates her?
What’s her greatest strength (cause for admiration)?
What’s her greatest weakness (point of vulnerability?

Exercise #5: In one sentence each, answer the last two questions. (Hint: the last two answers should match.

Obstacle/Conflict

And obstacle is the same as a conflict. Your character wants to do one thing, but faces the prospect of being forced to do the opposite.

Obstacle/Conflict + Action = Scene

A scene is when your character is in one emotional state, confronts an obstacle/conflict, takes action (he/she is a doer), and as a result changes to another emotional state. Over time, those small changes lead to the character’s final transformation.

Series of Obstacles/conflicts = Plot

Obstacles should increase in size and intensity and drive the character toward the moment she confronts her worst fear (the story’s climax). Each obstacle should be organic, meaning the new conflict/obstacle is a direct result of the previous one.

Exercise #6: Create a list of the obstacles your character encounters. Do they get progressively bigger and more severe?

Conclusion: Game Plan!

Exercise #7: Your next step